Kokopelli is one of the favorite images of North American folkloric ideology. The likeness of a flute player with a hump, aged over 1, years through the oral and artistic traditions of the Hopi, can be found all over the southwest. Malotki, a professor of languages, analyzes the mystical fascination people have for the Panesque player of the flute. Kokopelli has been used in forms varying from wall decorations to characters in popular literature.
Historical background[ edit ] Before the G. The trend towards greater enrollment was notable by the early s, and the problem of providing instruction for the many new students was a serious concern to university administrators. To wit, if computerized automation increased factory production, it could do the same for academic instruction.
The USSR's launching of the Sputnik I artificial satellite energized the United States' government into spending more on science and engineering education. Inthe U. Air Force's Office of Scientific Research had a conference about the topic of computer instruction at the University of Pennsylvania ; interested parties, notably IBMpresented studies.
Genesis[ edit ] Around Chalmers W. Sherwina physicist at the University of Illinois U of Isuggested a computerised learning Dissertation editors illinois to William Everett, the engineering college dean, who, in turn, recommended that Daniel Alpert, another physicist, convene a meeting about the matter with engineers, administrators, mathematicians, and psychologists.
After weeks of meetings they were unable to agree on a single design. Before conceding failure, Alpert mentioned the matter to laboratory assistant Donald Bitzerwho had been thinking about the problem, suggesting he could build a demonstration system. Bitzer, regarded as the Father of PLATO, recognized that in order to provide quality computer-based education, good graphics were critical.
This at a time when character-per-second teleprinters were the norm.
It included a television set for display and a special keyboard for navigating the system's function menus;  PLATO II, infeatured two users at once. It included Bitzer's orange plasma display invention, which incorporated both memory and bitmapped graphics into one display.
This plasma display included fast vector line drawing capability, and ran at baudrendering 60 lines or characters per second. Users could provide their own characters to support rudimentary bitmap graphics.
Compressed air powered a piston-driven microfiche image selector that permitted colored images to be projected on the back of the screen under program control. It was also possible to connect the terminal to peripheral devices.
This was later supplanted on the PLATO V terminal by the Gooch Cybernetic Synthesizerwhich had sixteen voices that could be programmed individually, or combined to make more complex sounds.
This allowed for what today are known as multimedia experiences. A PLATO-compatible music language known as OPAL Octave-Pitch-Accent-Length was developed for these synthesizers, as well as a compiler for the language, two music text editors, a filing system for music binaries, programs to play the music binaries in real time, and print musical scores, and many debugging and compositional aids.
A number of interactive compositional programs have also been written. Bythe PLATO IV system made it technically possible to introduce multimedia pedagogies that were not available in the marketplace until years later. Between and25 U of I music faculty participated in software curriculum development and more than 40 graduate students wrote software and assisted the faculty in its use.
Inthe project broadened its focus beyond PLATO to accommodate the increasing availability and use of microcomputers. Over the year life of the music project, its many participants moved into educational institutions and into the private sector.
Their influence can be traced to numerous multimedia pedagogies, products, and services in use today, especially by musicians and music educators. The system was capable of supporting 20 time-sharing terminals. David Peters began researching the feasibility of using PLATO to teach trumpet students to play with increased pitch and rhythmic precision.
The hardware consisted of 1 filters that could determine the true pitch of a tone, and 2 a counting device to measure tone duration.
The device accepted and judged rapid notes, two notes trilled, and lip slurs. Peters demonstrated that judging instrumental performance for pitch and rhythmic accuracy was feasible in computer-assisted instruction. Placek conducted a study that used computer-assisted instruction for rhythm perception.
Students majoring in elementary education were asked to 1 recognize elements of rhythm notation, and 2 listen to rhythm patterns and identify their notations. This was the first known application of the PLATO random-access audio device to computer-based music instruction.
Study participants were interviewed about the experience and found it both valuable and enjoyable. Though participants noted shortcomings in the quality of the audio, they generally indicated that they were able to learn the basic skills of rhythm notation recognition.
This device could access any of microfiche images within 0. It could retrieve for playback any of audio clips within 0. Bythe device was being commercially produced by Education and Information Systems, Incorporated with a capacity of just over 22 minutes.
Visual diagnostic skills for instrumental music educators[ edit ] By the mids, James O. Froseth University of Michigan had published training materials that taught instrumental music teachers to visually identify typical problems demonstrated by beginning band students.
In timed class exercises, trainees briefly viewed slides and recorded their diagnoses on the checklists which were reviewed and evaluated later in the training session.Dissertation Editors r-bridal.comtation consulting,Buying a paper online,Best custom essay writers.
A massive new biography sheds light on the relationships, sacrifices and calculations that enabled the Obama presidency. We're here to support graduate students through their dissertation and thesis at Northern Illinois University.
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The following list of dissertations represent research conducted in the area of emotions and emotional intelligence in organizational settings with adult populations. Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, with about 6, undergraduate students and about 15, post graduate r-bridal.comished in and named for its first benefactor, clergyman John Harvard, Harvard is the United States' oldest institution of higher learning, and its history, influence, and wealth have made it one of the world's most.
Educational Technology and Education Conferences for December to June , Edition # Prepared by Clayton R. Wright, crwr77 at r-bridal.com, November 10, A downloadable version (Word) is available here.
The 40 th edition of the conference list covers selected professional development opportunities that primarily focus on the use of technology in educational settings and on .