Virginia has been a university English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. There are a few instances when you might want to summarize an article.
Describe the sampling strategy Describe the intervention if applicable Identify the main study variables Describe data collection instruments and procedures Outline analysis methods Report on data collection and recruitment response rates, etc.
Describe participants demographic, clinical condition, etc. Present key findings with respect to the central research question Present secondary findings secondary outcomes, subgroup analyses, etc.
Discussion State the main findings of the study Discuss the main results with reference to previous research Discuss policy and practice implications of the results Analyse the strengths and limitations of the study Offer perspectives for future work View Large The Methods section should provide the readers with sufficient detail about the study methods to be able to reproduce the study if so desired.
Thus, this section should be specific, concrete, technical, and fairly detailed. The study setting, the sampling strategy used, instruments, data collection methods, and analysis strategies should be described.
In the case of qualitative research studies, it is also useful to tell the reader which research tradition the study utilizes and to link the choice of methodological strategies with the research goals [ 3 ]. The Results section is typically fairly straightforward and factual.
All results that relate to the research question should be given in detail, including simple counts and percentages. Resist the temptation to demonstrate analytic ability and the richness of the dataset by providing numerous tables of non-essential results.
The Discussion section allows the most freedom. This is why the Discussion is the most difficult to write, and is often the weakest part of a paper.
Structured Discussion sections have been proposed by some journal editors [ 4 ]. While strict adherence to such rules may not be necessary, following a plan such as that proposed in Table 1 may help the novice writer stay on track.
References should be used wisely. Key assertions should be referenced, as well as the methods and instruments used. However, unless the paper is a comprehensive review of a topic, there is no need to be exhaustive.
Also, references to unpublished work, to documents in the grey literature technical reportsor to any source that the reader will have difficulty finding or understanding should be avoided. The basics Having the structure of the paper in place is a good start.
However, there are many details that have to be attended to while writing. Another concerns non-native writers of English: A paper usually goes through several drafts before it is submitted. When revising a paper, it is useful to keep an eye out for the most common mistakes Table 2.
If you avoid all those, your paper should be in good shape. Table 2 Common mistakes seen in manuscripts submitted to this journal The research question is not specified The stated aim of the paper is tautological e.Writing a Good Abstract for a Journal Article PACIFIC ISLANDS HEALTH RESEARCH SYMPOSIUM Assoc.
Prof. Christian Ezeala College of Medicine, Nursing & Health Sciences Fiji National University Overview What is an abstract?
How to Write A Successful Paper for IEEE Communications Magazine During several months of my service as the Editor-in-Chief I have read numerous articles submitted to our magazine. Most of them were excellent and will soon be published. A Stanford professor is trying to teach doctors and scientists how to write manuscripts that aren't dusty and jargony.
By Rebecca Boyle posted Oct 10th, at pm Dusty Academic Journals. Secrets of good science writing.
Pitching stories to magazine and newspaper editors is tough, How to write a science news story based on a research paper. Although the main headings are standard for many scientific fields, details may vary; check with your instructor, or, if submitting an article to a journal, refer to the instructions to authors.
Use the menu below to find out how to write each part of a scientific report. Seeking writer for press release in chemistry related content to promote a new type of laboratory instrument for synthetic organic chemistry.
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