Reported planned capital expenditure, mainly on roads and public buildings, increased by 4. History[ edit ] Colonial period and post World War II[ edit ] Beginning in the mids, the Japanese colonial administration in Korea concentrated its industrial-development efforts in the comparatively under-populated and resource-rich northern portion of the country, resulting in a considerable movement of people northward from the agrarian southern provinces of the Korean Peninsula. This southward exodus continued after the establishment of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea North Korea in and during the —53 Korean War.
Introduction Certainly, with the advent of globalization, the market has become more competitive, because it has opened the opportunity for new competitors.
This does not necessarily mean risk for the survival of local businesses, but a challenge that they must consider. Moreover, this global scenario represents some opportunities for the companies to act in the new markets.
It is clear that this action will depend mainly on the quality of their own products and services offered. However, first, the concept of product quality is not so immediate and obvious. Although not universally accepted, the definition for quality with greater consensus is that "suitability for the consumer usage.
In fact, the main component consists of the quality characteristics of the product features that meet the consumers' needs and thus it provides satisfaction for the same. These needs are related not only to the intrinsic characteristics of the product, such as the sensory characteristics of a food product, but also to its availability in the market with a compatible price and in a suitable packaging.
The other part is the absence of faults, which is related to the characteristics of the product according to their specifications, making the consumer inspired by the reliability of the product, i.
For these objectives to be achieved it is required an efficient management of quality, which implies continuous improvement activities at each operational level and in every functional area of the organization. The quality management combines commitment, discipline and a growing effort by everyone involved in the production process and fundamental techniques of management and administration, with the goal of continuously improving all processes.
Specifically for the food industry, also involves the knowledge and application of techniques and programs for product safety. With all that, the purpose of this chapter is to describe the potential use of quality tools in food companies.
The study initially intends to contextualize the quality management in the food industry and the activities related to the quality function. In addition, support tools related to quality control in process will be suggested with practical examples of application.
Evolution of the quality management: A brief history It can be said that each company has a particular stage of maturity on the issue of quality management. In general they tend to evolve in four stages, the similarity of ages or how the quality management in the world has evolved over the years.
Thus, it is important to highlight these stages of evolution of quality that began with the inspection of products, have passed the statistical quality control, the stage of quality systemic management until the strategic quality management.
Garvin, a scholar of quality management, highlights four ages or stages through which the way to manage the quality has evolving over time in the U. The first stage of development was called "era of inspection. According to Garvin in the U. For the first time, the quality was seen as managerial responsibility having distinct and independent function in the companies.
Later, the year of was a milestone in the quality movement and the beginning of the second phase, the Statistical Quality Control. This phase had a preventive approach, centered on the monitoring and control of process variables that could influence in the final product quality through the development of statistical tools for sampling and process control.
The next phase was called Quality Assurance, that was associated with broader control and prevention, which sought through systematic management, ensure quality at all stages of obtaining the product. The quality management became a practice restricted to industrial production management applied to all production support functions.
Finally, quality management has been incorporated within the strategic scope of organizations, this phase called Strategic Management of Quality.
It represented a vision of market-oriented management, i. The strategic approach is an extension of its predecessors, but with a more proactive approach.
Several scholars of quality management are unanimous in emphasizing that the companies in general, and also the food industry, through its organizational structure, the policies adopted, the focus given to the business and the practice of quality control, demonstrate a certain degree of maturity in how to manage quality.
Some companies may present practices related to more advanced stages, mature, such as quality assurance and strategic quality management, others may prove more practices related to inspection and process control.
Through observation of tools and methods currently adopted in the food industry, it can be inferred that this quality management company is based on the characteristics of a particular stage of the quality evolution. For example, the control of the raw material and products for inspection, with special attention to satisfy the governmental health rules, is a characteristic of the inspection stage.
Likewise, the product control only by laboratory analysis is a feature of this stage.Bovine Growth Hormone Potential Hazards in Milk Both the U.S. General Accounting Office (GAO) and the Consumer's Union, publisher of Consumer Reports magazine, have warned of the potential hazards to human health caused by consuming products derived from rBGH-treated cows.
A sales trainer will be hired to train the sales force in the new product. This will be within our $, sales support budget based on an average salary and benefits cost of $, for each position.
The Company's largest and most scalable businesses produce protein food, via technologically advanced aquaculture that delivers a variety of seafood (prawns, eel, sleepy cod), and state of the art livestock production of over 60 cuts of beef and lamb.
Ways to Increase Your Sales at a Fast Food Restaurant. by Linda Ray you can use various techniques to increase your sales. The fast food industry is highly competitive so you need to position yourself as a leader in your community to maintain a high level of loyalty.
Use recyclable carry-out containers and recycled paper products. The.
The 7 Fundamentals Of Sustainable Business Growth can earn from that customer over time. Customers get the right products in the right place at the right time. A repeatable sales model builds. The company had net depreciation expense of $1 million and an interest expense of $1 million; its corporate tax rate was 40 percent.
The company has $14 million in current assets and $4 million in non-interest-bearing current liabilities; it has $15 million in net plant and equipment.