What you can do to reduce your risk?
Consequences of Obesity Obesity is a complex health issue to address. Obesity results from a combination of causes and contributing factors, including individual factors such as behavior and genetics.
Behaviors can include dietary patterns, physical activity, inactivity, medication use, and other exposures. Additional contributing factors in our society include the food and physical activity environment, education and skills, and food marketing and promotion.
Obesity is a serious concern because it is associated with poorer mental health outcomes, reduced quality of life, and the leading causes of death in the U.
Behavior Healthy behaviors include a healthy diet pattern and regular physical activity. Energy balance of the number of calories consumed from foods and beverages with the number of calories the body uses for activity plays a role in preventing excess weight gain.
The Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans recommends adults do at least minutes of moderate intensity activity or 75 minutes of vigorous intensity activity, or a combination of both, along with 2 days of strength training per week.
Having a healthy diet pattern and regular physical activity is also important for long term health benefits and prevention of chronic diseases such as Type 2 diabetes and heart disease.
For more, see Healthy Weight — Finding a Balance. Community Environment People and families may make decisions based on their environment or community.
For example, a person may choose not to walk or bike to the store or to work because of a lack of sidewalks or safe bike trails. Therefore, it is important to create environments in these locations that make it easier to engage in physical activity and eat a healthy diet.
Learn about strategies for a Healthy Food Environment and strategies to improve the environment to make it easier to be physically active.
Strategies to create a healthy environment are listed on the Strategies to Prevent Obesity page. More specifically, strategies to create a healthy school environment are listed on the CDC Adolescent and School Health website.
Genetic changes in human populations occur too slowly to be responsible for the obesity epidemic. Nevertheless, the variation in how people respond to the environment that promotes physical inactivity and intake of high-calorie foods suggests that genes do play a role in the development of obesity.
How Could Genes Influence Obesity? Genes give the body instructions for responding to changes in its environment. Studies have identified variants in several genes that may contribute to obesity by increasing hunger and food intake. Rarely, a clear pattern of inherited obesity within a family is caused by a specific variant of a single gene monogenic obesity.
Most obesity, however, probably results from complex interactions among multiple genes and environmental factors that remain poorly understood multifactorial obesity. Health care practitioners routinely collect family health history to help identify people at high risk of obesity-related diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and some forms of cancer.
Family health history reflects the effects of shared genetics and environment among close relatives. Those changes can improve the health of family members—and improve the family health history of the next generation. Diseases and Drugs Some illnesses may lead to obesity or weight gain.
Drugs such as steroids and some antidepressants may also cause weight gain. The science continues to emerge on the role of other factors in energy balance and weight gain such as chemical exposures and the role of the microbiome.
Consequences of Obesity Health Consequences People who have obesity, compared to those with a normal or healthy weight, are at increased risk for many serious diseases and health conditions, including the following:More than one-third of American adults and close to one fifth of American children and teens are clinically obese.
Learn the causes, complications, and treatment of obesity. According to new guidelines released by the American Heart Association, American College of Cardiology and The Obesity Society in November , doctors should consider obesity a disease and more actively treat obese patients for weight loss.
Learn more. Obesity is a chronic (long-term) disease that is increasing in frequency. More than half of American adults are r-bridal.com one third are obese.. Obesity is the second leading cause of preventable deaths in the United States (tobacco is the first).People who are obese have much higher risks of many serious health problems than nonobese people.
It has been endorsed by the National Institutes of Health Consensus Conference, (1) The American Society for Bariatric Surgery is recognized by the American College of Surgeons and a specialty surgical society in the Specialty & Service Society section of the American Medical Association.
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In New Zealand Obesity is creating a similar toll on society. Obesity is an excess of total body fat, which results from caloric intake that exceeds energy usage.
A measurement used to assess health risks of obesity is Body Mass Index (BMI).