Us history study notes reconstruction begins essay

Mecklenburg Declaration There are those who say Polk, then commander of the Mecklenburg County, North Carolina militia, called a meeting in at the courthouse he had built.

Us history study notes reconstruction begins essay

The original Northern objective in the Civil War was the preservation of the Union—a war aim with which virtually everybody in the free states agreed. As the fighting progressed, the Lincoln government Origins of Reconstruction The national debate over Reconstruction began during the Civil War.

In Decemberless than a year after he issued the Emancipation ProclamationPres. To Lincoln, the plan was an attempt to weaken the Confederacy rather than a blueprint for the postwar South. It was put into operation in parts of the Union-occupied Confederacy, but none of the new governments achieved broad local support.

In Congress enacted and Lincoln pocket vetoed the Wade-Davis Billwhich proposed to delay the formation of new Southern governments until a majority of voters had taken a loyalty oath. Johnson offered a pardon to all Southern whites except Confederate leaders and wealthy planters although most of these subsequently received individual pardonsrestoring their political rights and all property except slaves.

He also outlined how new state governments would be created. Apart from the requirement that they abolish slavery, repudiate secession, and abrogate the Confederate debt, these governments were granted a free hand in managing their affairs.

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Andrew Johnson, photographed by Mathew Brady. Library of Congress, Washington, D. Thaddeus Stevens of Pennsylvania and Sen. Charles Sumner from Massachusetts called for the establishment of new Southern governments based on equality before the law and universal male suffrage.

But the more numerous moderate Republicans hoped to work with Johnson while modifying his program. The first extended the life of an agency Congress had created in to oversee the transition from slavery to freedom.

The second defined all persons born in the United States as national citizens, who were to enjoy equality before the law. Thaddeus Stevens, photo by Mathew Brady. Arguably the most important addition to the Constitution other than the Bill of Rightsthe amendment constituted a profound change in federal-state relations.

Us history study notes reconstruction begins essay

Congress decided to begin Reconstruction anew. The Reconstruction Acts of divided the South into five military districts and outlined how new governments, based on manhood suffrage without regard to race, were to be established. Thus began the period of Radical or Congressional Reconstruction, which lasted until the end of the last Southern Republican governments in Three groups made up Southern Republicanism.

The second large group, scalawagsor native-born white Republicans, included some businessmen and planters, but most were nonslaveholding small farmers from the Southern up-country. Loyal to the Union during the Civil War, they saw the Republican Party as a means of keeping Confederates from regaining power in the South.

In every state, African Americans formed the overwhelming majority of Southern Republican voters. From the beginning of Reconstruction, black conventions and newspapers throughout the South had called for the extension of full civil and political rights to African Americans.

Composed of those who had been free before the Civil War plus slave ministers, artisans, and Civil War veterans, the black political leadership pressed for the elimination of the racial caste system and the economic uplifting of the former slaves.Check out study guides for America The Story of Us and learn the history behind how America was invented, only on America The Story of Us Study Guides.

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The Continuing Evolution of Reconstruction History by Eric Foner ; U.S. History: Reconstruction ; Let us edit . Learn us history notes chapter 17 reconstruction with free interactive flashcards.

Choose from different sets of us history notes chapter 17 reconstruction flashcards on Quizlet. United States history. Written By: Eric Foner; See Article History. United States: Reconstruction and the New South, – The original Northern objective in the Civil War was the preservation of the Union—a war aim with which virtually everybody in the free states agreed.

As the fighting progressed, the Lincoln government. Reconstruction refers to the period following the Civil War of rebuilding the United States.

It was a time of great pain and endless questions. On what terms would the Confederacy be allowed back into the Union? Who would establish the terms, Congress or . The American Documents for the Study of History AMDOCS is maintained by an unfunded group of volunteers dedicated to providing quality materials for free public access, and was founded in